Muziris was an ancient seaport and urban center in Kerala,at the Azhimukam( mouth) of the Periyar river from around the 1st century AD. Muziris has found mention in the classical Tamil Sangam literature and a number of ancient European historical sources. Muziris has also been mentioned in the stone writings of Ashoka
In a massive flood of the Periyar in 1341 AD, Muziris was said to have been destroyed and the centre of commerce was shifted to other ports in the region. The location of Muziris is generally speculated to be situated around present day Kodungallur.A series of excavations were conducted at Pattanam, near North Paravur, recently and continuing. The Muziris Heritage Site (MHS) area including North Paravur and Kodungallur Taluks, which have various protected monuments
The merchants of Muziris had instituted Indo-Greek and Indo-Roman-Egyptian trade with Jews, Arabs, Portuguese, Dutch, Chinese, British, and many other travelers. The monuments from the Muziris era speak volumes to tourists, whether foreign or local.
The Greeks, Egyptians and the Romans imported precious gems, spices and cotton from Muziris. The town also acted as the collecting and clearing point of precious gemstones. Garnets and Quartz came from Arikamedu region on the Eastern coast of South India. The pearls were from the Gulf of Mannar while Lapis lazuli beads came from Kodumanal in the neighboring region.
The ancient Muziris is no more. We are in search of a region,which lost its glory centuries ago.Muziris still holds a kind of beauty that is filled with history and culture. And now, we get ready to travel back in time for centuries. What this old port town dishes out to us along with history and culture, are the remnants of its past glory, still observable in features like place-names, architecture, diet etc
Kottappuram market was once the nerve centre of Kerala’s foreign trade and now a protected area under Muziris Heritage Project, the past of the kottappuram market is going to be brought back to life.
Kottappuram Fort, built by the Portuguese in 1523 was captured and destroyed by the Dutch in 1663. The Fort had a strategic position, on the mouth of the river Periyar, before it joins the Arabian Sea, which gave it the advantage of controlling the ships and boats that passed to and from the interior of Malabar.
|The Pattanam excavations was to search for archaeological evidence that would help to locate/identify an early historic urban settlement and the ancient Indo-Roman port of Muziris or Musiri on the Malabar Coast. The first phase of excavation was carried out from 18th February to 8th April 2007.This was followed by extensive excavations at the early historic urban site of Pattanam. The site at pattanam covers approximately 1.5 sq. km and the core area mesures about 600×400 m. Many important finds were obtained|
|Kottayi Kovilakom– Chendamangalam
A church, a temple, a mosque and the remains of a Jewish synagogue – all lying in close proximity is an ideal example of the ancient Indian tradition of religious tolerance and peaceful co-existence. At Chendamangalam, apart from these historic evidences, nature also unveils her rare combination. The place has a singular geography of three rivers, seven inlets, hillocks and vast expanses of green plains
|The significance of Cheraman Juma Majsid in the Muziris Heritage Project lies in the fact that it is the first mosque in India.It was built in 629 AD by Malik Ibn Dinar. The oral tradition is that Cheraman Perumal, the Chera king, went to Arabia where he met the Prophet and embraced Islam. From there he had sent letters with Malik Ibn Dinar to his relatives in Kerala, asking them to be courteous to the latter. The masjid is believed to have been renovated in the 11th century and also 300 years ago
Cheraman Juma masjid- First mosque in India AD 629
|The Marthoma Pontifical shrine is a major pilgrim centre that comes under the Muziris Heritage Project..
It is believed that St Thomas, the apostle landed at Kodungalloor on November 21st, 52 A.D.The ‘Marthoma Smruthi Tharangam’ derived from Sanskrit language which means ‘the creation of waves of memories regarding St. Thomas’ offers a memorial presentation of the mission of the Apostle. A 3500 square feet mansion built in the Indo-Persian style presents the major episodes in the life of St. Thomas. This programme of 30 minutes duration uses the aid of modern computer technologies and audio visual theatrical effects.
Marthoma Smruthi Tharangam
|The Paliam Palace was the residence of the Paliath Achans, who were the prime ministers to the former Maharajas of Kochi. During the 16th century, when the Portuguese threatened the Raja, Paliath Achan ensured the safety of the Raja by escorting him to Chendamangalam.The Raja is believed to have stayed and the name Paliam Kovilakom (Palace). The Dutch in appreciation of the Paliath Achan’s services renovated this building in Chendamangalam and presented it to him|
|The ancient Hindu temple at Kodungalloor known as Kodungalloor Kurumbakkavu and holds a central place in the Muziris heritage project.The Kodungalloor Bharani festival is held during the Malayalam month of Meenam, on the Bharani day. But the festivities start with the hoisting of the festival flag on the Bharani day of the previous month, Kumbhom. The banyan trees around the temple and the northern and eastern entrances to the temple are all decorated with streamers.
|Kodungalloor Munakkel Beach
Visit to Munakkal Beach- Azhicode- Kodungallur.It has got the vast shore stretch around 3 km along the main beach side.It is the main attraction of this village. Tourists can sit in the mystical shores for hours and view your own life like a spectator. The golden shore is a quiet and sandy expanse. “Munakkal Beach Park is big and beautiful but Swimming & water sports are is not recommended
|Azhikode fisherman village:- Azhikode fisherman village is well connected by a series of canals. The famous Kodungallur Bhagavathy temple and Cheraman Juma Masjid is around 10 KM away from this place at kodungallur town. Fishing and tourism are the main sources of revenue in this region. Traditional boats are still used for fishing in this area. Chinese fishing nets are still deployed for fishing here . This region also has abundant cultivation of coconut. Shrimp cultivation is another major industry that contributes to the economy in this region.|
|Disappearing crafts like Pappad making, Pottery and bell metal Industry The Parur – Kodungalloor regions are known for the traditional industries that still thrive there. Fishing, pottery making and weaving are good examples for these. They form part of the village crafts open to the visitors as part of the Muziris Heritage Project in Kerala|
|Itinerary||Day 01 :- Reception at Cochin Airport, transfer to Ecogreen Cocoa county Homestay, relax,
Ayurveda Rejuvenation Massage optional. Local sightseeing, overnight at EcogreenDay 02 :- Visit to Marthoma shrine, Kodungalloor Munakkel beach, Azhicode fishing harbour, Cheraman Juma Masjid, Kottappuram fort, Kottapuram Market, Move to Chendamangalam, Kottayi Kovilakom- A church, a temple, a mosque and the remains of a Jewish synagogue – all lying in close proximity is an ideal example of the ancient Kerala tradition of religious tolerance and peaceful co-existence. Besides these historic evidences, nature also unveils her rare combination. The place is blessed with a singular geography of three rivers, seven inlets, hillocks and vast expanses of green plains. Paravour Jewish Synagogue, Pallipuram fort, evening drop @ Cochin Airport/ Railway station
Transportaion by AC indica